The Pench River is life line of the Pench national park and an tributary river of the Kanhan River. It originates in the Chhindwara district of Madhya Pradesh and flows across Pench National Park and Pench flows from north to south. The river runs across the Pench National Park, thus separating the Pench reserve into two halves of Eastern forest and western forest range. Major part of Eastern Pench lies in Gumtara range where as Western forest lies in Karmajhiri range of this national park. It is considered as the life line of Pench tiger reserve. All major nullahs, rivulets, that we see during Pench jungle safari, contributes to Pench river which ensures consistent water supply in this river. Their are two big dams of the Pench River to ensure water supply water to the city of Nagpur and to the big thermal power plant located there. These dams are Totladoh Dam and Pench Dam.
Pench Tiger Reserve has noteworthy history of Central India. Pench Tiger Reserve has the natural beauty, richness in flora and fauna and the lovely tumble of the river has appeared in numerous wildlife books dating back to 17th century; moreover these are the elements Books written in the 19th and early 20th century by famous naturalists like Captain J. Forsyth and Rudyard Kipling’s “The Jungle Book” simply present the comprehensive panorama of nature’s wealth in this expanse.While reading this book, we will find reference of Mowgli often roaming near by a river which is same Hirri river of Pench tiger reserve, passing through Amodagarh picnic point. In addition to this, their are some more river scenes in which this river will also be one. During jungle safari drives we can visit the Pench river also. During British India rule, many hunting expeditions took place in Pench forest, alongside Pench river whose reference comes in books written by British officers.