The Government of India launched the Project Tiger with the aim of saving the steadily declining population of tiger in India on 1 April 1974. This article give information of the background for launching this project as well as shares the objective and working methodology of this projects.
Project Tiger is an important topic for the environment and ecology section of the UPSC exam. In this edition of This Day in History you can read all about this projects and its impact on the population and conservations of tiger in India.
Project Tiger was launched by the Indira Gandhi government in 1973 from the Jim Corbett National Park in UK.
The tigers is an endangered species in the world. At the turn of the 20th century, India had a population of tigers that ranged from 20000 to 40000. Due to the hunting practice of the Maharajas and the British, as well as poaching activities, their number had dwindled drastically to about 1820 in the seventies. Another reasons for the sinking population is the scarcity of prey for these wild cats !
The government passed the Wildlife Protection Act in 1972 for the protection and preservations of different species of flora and fauna.
In 1973, the Project Tiger was launched with an ambitious aim of increasing the population of the tiger (scientific name: Panthera tigris) in the country.
In the initial years of this project, there were only nine tiger reserves in India. At present, there are 47 such reserves located in 18 tiger range states of India.
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